The World Health Organization (WHO) describes Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) as the world’s biggest killers, causing an estimated 35 million deaths each year which constitute about 60% of all deaths globally. About 80% of these deaths occur in low and middle-income countries. WHO projects that, globally, NCD deaths will increase by 17% over the next ten years.
Swaziland was not spared. In the period 1990 to 1995, a total of 503 and 317 cases of cancer were histologically diagnosed among women and men, respectively. Diabetes mellitus seems to be the most prevalent NCD in the country affecting both adults and children.
NCDs comprise cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), diabetes mellitus, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and asthma, trauma and injuries, mental health and epilepsy, Ear and eye diseases and Oral Health conditions. NCDs represent a leading threat to human health and development.